Golang语言包-字符串处理strings和字符串类型转换strconv

Golang语言字符串处理函数包strings,字符串类型转换包strconv。

/**
 * Golang语言字符串处理函数包strings,字符串类型转换包strconv
 */
package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "strconv"
    "strings"
)

func main() {
    str := "This is an example of a string"
    fmt.Printf("Ture/False? Does the string \"%s\" have prefix %s?", str, "Th")
    // 判断字符串的前缀
    fmt.Printf("%t\n", strings.HasPrefix(str, "Th"))
    fmt.Printf("True/False? Does the string \"%s\" have suffix %s?", str, "ing")
    // 判断字符串的后缀
    fmt.Printf("%t\n", strings.HasSuffix(str, "ing"))
    fmt.Printf("True/False? Does the string \"%s\" have %s?", str, "xa")
    // 判断字符串是否包含某字符
    fmt.Printf("%t\n", strings.Contains(str, "xa"))
    // 判断指定字符在字符串第一次出现的位置
    fmt.Printf("%d\n", strings.Index(str, "s"))
    // 判断指定字符在字符串最后一次出现的位置
    fmt.Printf("%d\n", strings.LastIndex(str, "s"))
    // 将字符串中的前n个字符替换,并返回一个新字符串,如果n=-1则替换所有字符串中的字符
    fmt.Printf("%s\n", strings.Replace(str, "is", "at", 1))
    // 统计指定字符在字符串中出现的次数
    fmt.Printf("%d\n", strings.Count(str, "s"))
    // 将字符串重复n次,并返回新字符串
    fmt.Printf("%s\n", strings.Repeat(str, 2))
    // 将字符串全部转换为小写字符
    fmt.Printf("%s\n", strings.ToLower(str))
    // 将字符串全部转换为大写字符
    fmt.Printf("%s\n", strings.ToUpper(str))
    // 去除字符串开头和结尾的空格
    str1 := " This is an example of a string "
    fmt.Printf("%s\n", strings.TrimSpace(str1))
    // 去除字符串开头和结尾的指定字符,只去除字符串开头或结尾的指定字符
    str2 := "my name is frank, this pencil is my"
    fmt.Printf("%s\n", strings.Trim(str2, "my"))
    fmt.Printf("%s\n", strings.TrimLeft(str2, "my"))
    fmt.Printf("%s\n", strings.TrimRight(str2, "my"))
    // 分割字符串,转换为一个slice
    // 利用1个或多个空白字符来作为分隔符,将字符串分割成若干小块,并返回一个slice
    // 如果字符串只包含空白字符串,则返回一个长度为0的slice
    sli := strings.Fields(str)
    for _, value := range sli {
        fmt.Println(value)
    }
    str3 := "2019-05-07"
    sli2 := strings.Split(str3, "-")
    for _, value := range sli2 {
        fmt.Println(value)
    }
    // 拼接slice元素成为一个字符串
    fmt.Printf("%s\n", strings.Join(sli2, "-"))
    // 字符串类型转换
    str4 := "123"
    // 字符串类型转换为int
    num, _ := strconv.Atoi(str4)
    fmt.Printf("%d\n", num)
    // int转换为字符串类型
    newStr4 := strconv.Itoa(num)
    fmt.Printf("%s\n", newStr4)
}

运行结果:

Ture/False? Does the string "This is an example of a string" have prefix Th?true
True/False? Does the string "This is an example of a string" have suffix ing?true
True/False? Does the string "This is an example of a string" have xa?true
3
24
That is an example of a string
3
This is an example of a stringThis is an example of a string
this is an example of a string
THIS IS AN EXAMPLE OF A STRING
This is an example of a string
 name is frank, this pencil is 
 name is frank, this pencil is my
my name is frank, this pencil is 
This
is
an
example
of
a
string
2019
05
07
2019-05-07
123
123

0 个评论

要回复文章请先登录注册